Caorle treasures the history of the fishing in the lagoon.
Ancient dwelling-place in Veneto.
Along the riverbank Sulle sponde del fiume Nicesolo it is possible to admire the ancient place of the lagoon fishing. In the days gone by, the casoni were home and shelter used by farmers, fishermen, and venetian hunters. Sails of straw and straight reeds on the edges where water and land meet each other, along the misty borders of the low tide, over the sandbank of the inner lagoons, in the marshy clearings of the hills.
The original paleostorical structure was the same for centuries and centuries, but now some differences my be seen due to the function of the casone and the quality of the building materials, which are available here: wood, straw, sedge, and clay.
As a consequence of the urban changes, the lagoon and the fishing valleys of the Region Veneto host few casoni and the reclamations were able to save this fragile and typical area of the Adriatic Sea.
Located along the canals, rivers or on isolated muds (sope) the casone of the lagoon or the valley has very ancient building technique that reveals the principles of the typical fondamenta of Venice. According to the ages the “casone” was a permanent but also a seasonal dwelling-place, and nowadays it remains the place of the identity for the local citizens.
By sailing the canals.
On board to reach the casoni by sketching their authentic profiles made of lagoon perspectives, walls of sedge up to inside the lapping of the water and their inextricable roots.
You can start from Porto di Falconera: from the water, it is possible to enjoy the whole density of the landscape, which is full of colours. Coming from the canal or from the lagoon, the casone is the secure harbour.
Located in a wide and essential place the casone is the representation of security, a shelter far from unusual hospitality. Living in a casone was surely difficult, there were often hunger and discomforts, but at the same time, it was the possibility of survival, the security of the seasonal rhythms, the wisdom of fishermen by using natural products.
This is why sailing the lagoon expresses an ancient activity, and only the simple authenticity of the casone is able to save the wonder of precious and pure things.
Have a different look
A journey in the lagoon, between the water and the land is the chance to enjoy the beauty of different landscapes. The old town of Caorle was a fishermen village, which was passed from the protohistory of the ancient inhabitants of Veneto to the tourism industry: the environment and the quality was always one of the most important thinking among the citizens. The city of Concordia Sagittaria, which keep the Roman’s history; the churches and the austere power of the Patriarchys; the low of the Serenissima; the wonderful woods of Brussa and from the ancient pinede (pinewoods) on the right side of Tagliamento.
The charm of the lagoon and its uncertainty was appreciated by Ernest Hemingway during the hunting day, and the writer Pier Paolo Pasolini by visiting the city of Caorle.
How to build a Casone Caorlotto.
There are no fixed rules, but only fixed proportions with a maximum and a minimum to respect, according to the use and to the place of the casone.
the longitudinal axis of the “casone” is usually situated with the back in the North and the entrance in the South, while the sides of the “casone” are situated in the West –North-West/ East-South-East. Among building materials we see piles and ribs for the bearing structure, marsh reed (Phragmites australi) for the covering, packed earth or bricks or packed earth for the floor and bricks for the fireplace.
The reeds of the covering are situated with the flower angled down and overflowed on the highest part from the following sheet., there aren’t any chimneys and outdoor fireplaces on the deck, neither lateral windows or dormers or brick walls. The fence is made up local materials such as wood, fascinas and marsh reed while the small forest is made up naturalized exotic species, as false acacia (cassia), tamarisk, fig trees, and forest trees and many other species as poplar and willow-treee.
We suggest you to walk on Isola dei Pescatori, to search a real fisherman and ask about his life in the casone: it will be an interesting history and experience.
Vallevecchia: a paradise or an oasis?
It is not a common peculiarity among the Italian and European beaches: the presence of a wide naturalistic oasis located not far from the sea.
From this point of view, Caorle represents the exception because ValleVecchia is the green lung of the zone. The tourists who choose Caorle for their own holiday can live a unique experience in the middle of one of the most beautiful humid areas of Europa: that is to say ValleVecchia.
ValleVecchia Island extends for about 900 hectares along the coast, which includes the countries of Caorle and Bibione. Surrounded by lagoon, marine and fluvial waters, it is a wild area that maintains its unique charm. Plunged in the quietness of the humid area, among cane thickets and bushes you can have the possibility to observe many different species of birds and in addition some breath-taking landscapes. The birdwatching towers are strategically located of these reasons .
The same panoramas were beloved by the great American writer Hernest Hemingway. In order to write his book “Across the River and Into the Trees,” he was inspired by the beauties of ValleVecchia. In addition to the humid zones, there are a beach, where it is possible to admire the last summit dunes of Adriatic Sea, a luxury.
One of the most prestigious aspects of the enhancement program is the creation of the Environmental Museum of ValleVecchia. Built in an ex-drying room of Veneto Agricoltura and set not three floors, the museum is prepared by the Cooperativa Limosa. Here there are the illustration of every naturalistic, historical and productive peculiarity of Caorle’s lagoon and of ValleVecchia.
The guests can admire plastic explicative panels, dioramas and also interactive positions which allow to discover the secrets of the “green lung” of Caorle. The museum hosts a small “casone”: the typical bathing hut, which is made of swamp canna and which has been sheltering the fishers of Caorle for many centuries.
The Cooperativa di Operatori Naturalisti Limosa offers many activities to completely live the atmosphere of ValleVecchia. For example, every year they organize some walking tours, or by bike or by a gig, trained by horses, to discover of the most wonderful landscapes of the naturalistic oasis.
While the Cooperativa Ape” provides a bike rental service during the summer season in order to enjoy each peculiarity of this paradise.
The area of Vallevecchia is composed by a coast irregular surface, which extends for about 800 ha and which is part of the geographic zone of the sandy and Adriatic coasts, like a peice of a big linear mosaic. The physical boundaries of the area are represented by the Adriatic Sea in the South, by the lagoon and by the widest part of the harbour of Porto Falconera in the West, by the canals of Canadare and Cavanella in the North and by the lower straight of Canale dei Lovi and by the widest part of the harbour and the lagoon of Porto Baseleghe in the East.
Morphologically Vallevecchia is a significant example of the coast territory of Veneto, where the particular structures of the sandy coast maintain a right integrity, in spite of the environmental modifications due to the drainage and to the reforestations of the last century. Geomorphologically among the most important situations, there is the system of the sandy dunes and of the troughs among and behind the dunes. In spite of the considerable phenomenons of demolition due to the erosion, which has been active for over two centuries, the sandy dunes are present with ridges in dynamical phase and with stabilized and subfossil ridges. Their altimetry can reach three-four metres above sea level. Very interesting is also the surface, which is historically lagoon and now drained and situated to the North of the dunal sandbank. The wide drained surface of Vallevecchia is characterized by sandy soils or by lagoon clays. Their origin is caused by the ancient phenomenos of subsidence that transformed the area into a lagoon brackish basin. In its inner part, in the oriental sector, the relief of an ancient insular prominence is evidenced by the presence of the typical “casoni” of fishermen made with reed. In the end, some structures, which were realized by the man in order to defend the delicate equilibriums of the environment imposed by the same drainage, join with the natural morphologies. (For example the long embankments, which defend the agricultural surfaces by the rivers’waters, which flow in hanging river-beds, or by the lagoon waters, which are continuously interested by the flows of the hide tides.)
As regards the hydrography, the network of the main ditches, the drains and the ditches, that is to say hydraulic infrastructures which are ideal for the drainage, and used in order to drain and drip the rainwaters in excess and to supply with water the cultivated land, replaces the historical river-beds, which flowed with a winding course the surfaces of Vallevecchia with fresh and salt lagoon waters.